Primary Maths

In mathematics at COBs we will support pupils to make rich connections between mathematical ideas. Pupils will be challenged through being offered a range of problems before being moved onto new content. Our curriculum builds on previous knowledge and skills acquired the previous year or at a previous setting and provides pupils with the opportunities to practise and further develop these skills and deepen their understanding.


We want our pupils to become fluent mathematicians and this will be evidenced in their books through the completion of different activities. The mathematical concept or skills can be shown in multiple ways and mathematical language is used to explain ideas. Independently, children can apply the concept to problems in unfamiliar situations.

Half term


Assessment objectives: Skills/Knowledge

Links to intent

Autumn 1

Number systems and patterns

Read and write numbers and understand place value.

Count forwards and backwards in varying multiples.

Recognize multiples of numbers.

Begin to recall all times-tables up to 10 × 10.

Use times-tables to work out division facts.

Use the symbols  =, >, <, +, -, x, ÷

  • Transferable life skills – numeracy, handling money
  • Closing gaps in learning – EYFS/KS1 learning consolidated
  • Mastery in essential skills – times tables
  • Resilience in learning – building confidence to have a go and make a mistake.


Autumn 2


Exploring shape

Reasoning with measures

Use written methods to add and subtract integers.

Understand the place value of decimals (KS2)

Multiply integers using a written method (KS2)

Divide integers using a written method (KS2)

Name, describe and identify the properties of 2D and 3D shapes

Identify horizontal and vertical lines and lines of symmetry (KS2)

Identify, compare and order different angles (KS2)

Find missing lengths and angles (KS2)

Estimate and calculate perimeter and area of regular and irregular shapes (KS2)

Know the value of different coins and notes, calculate and compare money in £ and p.

  • Transferable life skills – using money, understanding angles.High expectations – challenge of written calculations in KS2
  • Resilience in learning – building confidence to have a go and make a mistake.
  • Identify new skills – logic and problem solving

Spring 1

Fractions and equivalence


Recognise, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects.

Recognise fractions of a shape.

Recognise and use fractions as numbers.

Find a fraction of an amount.

Write fractions in their simplest form (KS2)

Order fractions by using a common denominator (KS2)

Convert between mixed number and improper fractions (KS2)

Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator (KS2)


  • Close any gaps in learning
  • Courage to make mistakes – developing strategies
  • Building confidence in learning – fractions are achievable

Spring 2

Number problems


Solve multiplication and division problems

Solve problems of fractions, squares and multiples (KS2)

Solve problems involving numbers with up to 3DP (KS2)

Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams, tables, time graphs (KS2) and line graphs (KS2)

Count, sort, total and compare categorical data

Ask and answer simple questions by counting and sorting; ask and answer questions by totalling and comparing data.

Solve problems from bar charts, pictograms, tables, line graphs.


  • Identify new skills – using the language of statistics.
  • Enjoyment of learning – conducting own research and presenting the information.
  • Enrichment opportunities – conducting own research linked to areas of interest.
  • Mastery in essential skills – multiplication and division.
  • Transferable skills – be able to use number to solve real life problems.

Summer 1

Visualising shape


Recognise, name and describe the properties of common 2D and 3D shapes

Draw 2D shapes and make 3D shapes; recognise 3D shapes in various orientations and describe them.

Draw given angles, measure them in degrees; identify 3D shapes from 2D representations.

Tell/show the time to the hour, half hour and know number of minutes in an hour and hours in a day.

Tell and show the time to nearest minute using analogue and digital clocks, using 12 and 24 hours.

Know number of seconds in a minute, number of days in each month, year and leap year and compare durations of events.

Read, write and convert time between 12 and 24 hour clocks (analogue and digital)

Solve problems converting between units of time.


  • Enrichment opportunities – using play resources e.g. building blocks, lego etc to explore shape further, recognising shapes in our environment.
  • Life skills – understanding time, equipping our pupils for life in the real world.
  • Mastery in essential skills – time


Summer 2

Proportional Reasoning


Measuring and estimating

Describe position, direction and movement using mathematical language, distinguishing between straight line movement and rotation (KS2)

Describe positions on grid in first quadrant as coordinates; describe movements between positions as translations using up/down and left/right; plot specified points and complete to make a polygon (KS2)

Calculate and write mathematical statements for multiplication and division

Show commutativity of multiplication (and non-commutativity of division)

Solve problems involving multiplication and division including missing numbers, scaling and correspondence problems.

Recap mental calculations; revisit formal methods for multiplication and division; solve calculation problems for 4 operations.

Compare, describe, measure, begin to record and solve practical problems involving lengths, masses, capacity and time.

Measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)

Solve problems involving four operations and measures; convert between metric units; understand approximate metric-imperial conversions

  • High expectations – giving our able KS2 pupils the opportunity to develop new skills e.g. translating shapes.
  • Transferable skills – use of measurement vital in science
  • Life skills– using measure in the real world e.g. cooking.
  • Enrichment opportunities – cooking, water/sand play, outdoor learning

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